In the medical setting, doctors use IV Lasix for treating hypertension and edema (because of hepatic impairment, heart failure or renal disorder) issues in patients. IV Lasix is the go-to drug in almost every patient who experience edema that has resulted from their condition of congestive heart failure. IV Lasix has also many other medical uses such as: for nephrotic syndrome, renal or kidney failure and hepatic cirrhosis. IV Lasix is used as an adjunct therapy for pulmonary or cerebral edema wherein there is a necessity for rapid diuresis via IV injection. Furthermore, IV Lasix is a good method in managing severe hypercalcemia cases along with adequate rehydration.
The action of IV Lasix in the body is that it inhibits or stops the reabsorption of sodium and chloride from the distal renal tubule and from the loop of Henle. IV Lasix increases the excretion ability of the renal/kidneys, which makes water, chloride, sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium to be excreted quickly. IV Lasix works really well in patients who suffer from impaired renal function. The therapeutic benefits that IV Lasix provides include: lowered or decreased blood pressure, increase in urinary output, and successful diuresis and eventual balancing or elimination of excess fluid, especially in cases of patients suffering from pleural effusions and edema.
In adults, IV Lasix may be given in doses of 20 to 40 mg. It may be repeated in 1 to 2 hours, and the dose of IV Lasix can also be increased by 20 mg every 1 to 2 hours until a good response is reached. The maintenance dose can be given every 6 to 12 hours. In children, the dose of IV Lasix should be 1 to 2 mg/kg/dose every 6 to 12 hours. In neonatal patients, the dose of IV Lasix would be 1 to 2 mg/kg/dose every 12 to 24 hours.
Prior to using IV Lasix, you need to be aware that if the doses are very large and there is rapid intake of it, IV Lasix can cause adverse side effects. IV Lasix, when used too much or used improperly, it can lead to gout that is caused by hyperuricemia, which refers to an abnormally elevated level of uric acid in the patient’s blood. Also, another known side effect of IV Lasix is hyperglycemia, or in other words, high blood sugar.
Other side effects that you need to be aware of when taking IV Lasix are: dizziness, vertigo, headache, blurred vision, hypotension, tinnitus, loss of hearing, constipation, diarrhea, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, excessive urination, dehydration, muscle cramps, fever, rashes, and many more.
IV Lasix must be used with care in patients who have: depleted electrolytes, severe liver disease, diabetes mellitus as well as severe renal impairment and hypoproteinemia(there is a high risk of ototoxicity). IV Lasix should be used with extra caution in geriatric patients.
If you are someone who is a candidate for using IV Lasix, then you must tell your doctor if you are also taking the following drugs: analgesics, antibacterials, antidepressants, antiepileptics, antifungals, antihypertensives, antipsychotics, atomoxetine, ciclosporin, lithium, cardiac glycosides, and anti-arrhythmics. In case you develop skin rashes during IV Lasix therapy, it must be discontinued because it might be life threatening.